Videos uploaded by user “The Study of Antiquity and the Middle Ages”
The Sea Peoples and the Trojan War (Lecture 4)
Archaeology and the Trojan War: In this lecture series by Eric H.Cline you will delve deep into the Trojan war between the Trojans and the Greeks while separating fact from fiction. The Trojan War, captured forever in Homer's epic poem the Iliad, resonates to the present day in the popular imagination, and this magnificent confrontation continues to exert a tremendous influence on modern audiences. But did Troy actually exist? And if so, where is it located? Was the Trojan War actually fought? If it was, did it take place over the course of ten years, as Homer wrote, or was it a much longer series of battles? And why was the war fought? Could Helen's face alone really have launched a thousand ships? In this course, esteemed professor Eric H. Cline examines the real history of Troy and delves into the archaeological discoveries (which continue to the present day) that help to answer the questions above. Through an entertaining and incisive analysis of known data, Professor Cline provides a fuller, richer understanding of this historic clash.
The Trojan War: The Hittites (Lecture 3)
Archaeology and the Trojan War: In this lecture series by Eric H.Cline you will delve deep into the Trojan war between the Trojans and the Greeks while separating fact from fiction. The Trojan War, captured forever in Homer's epic poem the Iliad, resonates to the present day in the popular imagination, and this magnificent confrontation continues to exert a tremendous influence on modern audiences. But did Troy actually exist? And if so, where is it located? Was the Trojan War actually fought? If it was, did it take place over the course of ten years, as Homer wrote, or was it a much longer series of battles? And why was the war fought? Could Helen's face alone really have launched a thousand ships? In this course, esteemed professor Eric H. Cline examines the real history of Troy and delves into the archaeological discoveries (which continue to the present day) that help to answer the questions above. Through an entertaining and incisive analysis of known data, Professor Cline provides a fuller, richer understanding of this historic clash.
Medieval Warfare by Professor Michael Prestwich (A Must Watch!)
In this lecture Professor Prestwich discusses in a great overview the concept and operations of Medieval Warfare.
The Vikings (Lecture 1)
The Vikings: raids, settlement, conquest and discovery. This three part lecture series also involves Moorish and Islamic attacks on medieval Europe.
Herodotus' Histories- Tom Holland (Excellent Lecture)
The classical scholar Tom Holland introduces his new translation of Herodotus' masterpiece - The Histories. ''The Histories (Greek: Ἱστορίαι; Ancient Greek: [his.to.rí.ai̯]; also known as The History) of Herodotus is now considered the founding work of history in Western literature. Written in 440 BC in the Ionic dialect of classical Greek, The Histories serves as a record of the ancient traditions, politics, geography, and clashes of various cultures that were known in Western Asia, Northern Africa and Greece at that time. Although not a fully impartial record, it remains one of the West's most important sources regarding these affairs. Moreover, it established the genre and study of history in the Western world (despite the existence of historical records and chronicles beforehand). The Histories also stands as one of the first accounts of the rise of the Persian Empire, as well as the events and causes of the Greco-Persian Wars between the Achaemenid Empire and the Greek city-states in the 5th century BC. Herodotus portrays the conflict as one between the forces of slavery (the Persians) on the one hand, and freedom (the Athenians and the confederacy of Greek city-states which united against the invaders) on the other. The Histories was at some point divided into the nine books that appear in modern editions, conventionally named after the nine Muses.'' (Wikipedia)
Medieval Life, Death, Marriage and Church History by Dr. Ryan M Reeves
Medieval Life, Work, Marriage, Death and Church History. Dr. Reeves has been a full-time faculty member at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in Jacksonville, FL since 2010. Dr. Reeves completed a Ph.D. in Church History from the University of Cambridge on Tudor evangelicalism. He has been a guest lecturer for Reformed Theological Seminary and also for Cambridge University. A church historian, Dr. Reeves’ primary research interests are political theology and ecclesiology during the Reformation, specifically political obedience, resistance theory and the relationship between church and state. He also has an interest in the early Swiss Reformation, the Tudor dynasty and early Protestant theology. https://archive.org/details/MedievalLifeDeathAndMarriage
The Mummification Process of Ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians developed a sophisticated method to preserve a dead body for the afterlife: mummification. First, the internal organs were removed and all moisture from the body was eliminated. Next, the body was wrapped with long strips of linen, and then covered with a large linen cloth. Follow the steps of the mummification process in this short animation about the Getty Museum's Romano-Egyptian mummy Herakleides.
Athelstan: The Making of England (Lecture by Tom Holland)
Writer and TV historian Tom Holland speaks about the first King of England and his impact on the creation of England. Apologies for the popup in the footage it came with the video when I downloaded it. The formation of England happened against the odds—the division of the country into rival kingdoms, the assaults of the Vikings, the precarious position of the island on the edge of the known world. But King Alfred ensured the survival of Wessex, his son Eadweard expanded it, and his grandson Æthelstan finally united Mercia and Wessex, conquered Northumbria and became Rex totius Britanniae. Tom Holland recounts this extraordinarily exciting story with relish and drama. We meet the great figures of the age, including Alfred and his daughter Æthelflæd, 'Lady of the Mercians', who brought Æthelstan up at the Mercian court. At the end of the book we understand the often confusing history of the Anglo-Saxon kings better than ever before. (Book summary which involves this lecture.) Book link: https://www.amazon.com/Athelstan-Making-England-Penguin-Monarchs/dp/0241187818/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1522090694&sr=8-1&keywords=athelstan+tom+holland
Eric Cline: 1177 B.C  The Collapse of Cities and Civilizations at the End of the Late Bronze Age
In this lecture Eric Cline discusses 1177 B.C and the collapse of the Bronze Age and the factors that contributed to it along with the aftermath caused by it.I hope you enjoy!
Introduction to The Study of Antiquity and the Middle Ages
This is a brief introduction to the study of antiquity and the middle ages. Please stick with us more documentaries and commentaries will follow.
My History Library! PS sorry for the sound quality!
Showing off a portion of my library after rearranging them for most of the day! Sorry for the camera quality and audio but it’s the best I could do for now!
Medieval Kingship And The Domesday Book (Lecture 1)
Medieval Kingship And the Domesday Book, Lecture One. From Kingship to record keeping this lecture dives deep into the subject of rule and management.
The Centurion in the Roman Legion.
In this commentary involving the writings and thoughts on the Roman Centurion by Stephen Dando-Collins I go into details about their roles, uniforms, typical careers and etc while naming a few and their achievements. Enjoy!
Barry Cunliffe: Who Were the Celts?
A great Lecture! Shallit Lecture given at BYU on March 17, 2008. The Celts living in the middle of Europe were the fearsome opponents of the Greeks and Romans and in c. 390 B.C. they actually besieged Rome. The classical writers have much to say about their warlike activities but where did they come from? Until recently it used to be thought that they emerged in Eastern France and Southern Germany and spread westwards to Spain, Brittany, Britain and Ireland taking their distinctive language with them which survives today as Breton, Welsh, Gaelic and Irish. But recent work is suggesting that the Celtic language may have developed in the Atlantic zone of Europe at a very early date, and DNA studies offer some support to this. So who were the Celts? We will explore the evidence and try to offer an answer.
12 Byzantine Rulers Entire Lecture Series
12 Byzantine Rulers:The History of The Byzantine Empire By Lars Brownworth This history lecture podcast covers the little known Byzantine Empire through the study of twelve of its greatest rulers. I highly suggest this series and following this authors work online and his audio work that is on Itunes.
Barbarian Kingdoms of Medieval Europe
In this lecture the Professor discusses Ancient Rome or the end thereof and the Barbarian Kingdoms that took it's place. Bilkent HIST417 20111011 LECTURE05 Barbarian Kingdoms
Ostrogothic Italy and the Franks
This lecture deals with the end of the Roman Empire of the West and lectures on the barbarian kingdoms that took its place such as the Franks and the Ostrogoth's. Bilkent HIST417 20111014 LECTURE06 Ostrogothic Italy & The Franks Asst. Prof. David E. Thornton This course traces the history of western Europe from the fall of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance, and deals with the main political, social and religious changes during that period. HIST 417 Medieval Europe (500-1500)
The Five Forms of Ancient Egyptian Writing!
In this brief video I discuss the five different forms of writing in Ancient Egypt!
Islam: The Executioner or Heir of Antiquity
Tom Holland delivers his lecture - "Islam: Executioner or Heir of Antiquity" as part of the Classics Alumni Day - "Classics from Helen to the Hijaz"
The Carolingian Dynasty
Carolingian dynasty, family of Frankish aristocrats and the dynasty (AD 750–887) that they established to rule western Europe. The name derives from the large number of family members who bore the name Charles, most notably Charlemagne.
Genetic Approaches to Anglo-Saxon Settlement
Genetic Approaches to Anglo Saxon Settlement This course traces the history of western Europe from the fall of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance, and deals with the main political, social and religious changes during that period. Asst. Prof. David E. Thornton HIST 417 Medieval Europe (500-1500)
Anglo Saxon England: Medieval Documentary
Archeological adviser, Stanley E. West Outlines English history from the end of Roman rule around 410 to the Norman invasion in 1066. Presents the various raids and migrations which changed the face of England; details the settlements of the Anglo-Saxons by recent excavations at Cadbury, West Stow, and Winchester; and portrays the growth of the monasteries https://archive.org/details/anglosaxonengland
Armenian Identity in the Early Middle Ages: 7th-11th Century A.D.
Tim Greenwood gives a talk as part of the The Long History of Identity, Ethnicity, and Nationhood workshop. Pre-modern identities are situational, specific to the time and the context in which they are constructed and deployed. They are also oppositional, constructed in response to surrounding communities. The ‘other’ takes many different forms but when it loses its ‘otherness’ the identity begins to collapse. In Late Antiquity, Armenianness was constructed in terms of an imagined community of Christians and devised in opposition to an impious, ‘ash-worshipping’ Persian shahanshah and his empire of Eran. This was depicted by Ełišē but continued to hold meaning into the ninth century. T‘ovma Arcruni based his descriptions of the caliph Ja‘far al-Mutawakkil and the Sajid emir Afshīn on Ełišē’s shahanshah Yazdegerd II. Yet T‘ovma was clearly struggling to fit contemporary realities to the historical template. If prominent Arcruni princes were seeking to profit from establishing ties with the Sajids, they could not easily be represented as oppressed and persecuted for their faith. An anonymous continuator confirms that the ‘otherness’ of the Persians was fast receding. Yūsuf b.Abi’l Sāj and Gagik Arcruni are portrayed discussing profound questions and aspects of kingship. This passage evokes contemporary Persianate salon culture. Evidently a process of political and social transformation was underway, with traditional loyalties and identities breaking down. Armenian identity was also constructed in opposition to that great imperial ‘other’ to the west, the Byzantine Empire. Disdaining Byzantium is a feature of earlier historical compositions but three tenth-century works attest a major shift. The History of Tarōn offers a radical retelling of the conversion of Armenia, in which relationship with Caesarea in Cappadocia is stressed. The History of Uxt‘anēs attests a renewed interest in Armenian involvement with the classical Roman past. The Universal History of Step‘anos Tarōnec‘i attest an author searching for new ways of projecting and preserving Armenian identity in the face of an expanding Byzantium, no longer distant or ‘other’ but present and familiar. This is the context in which a radically different sense of Armenianness, rooted in urban communities, emerged briefly in the eleventh century.
The Vikings (Lecture 2)
The Vikings: raids, settlement, conquest and discovery.This three part lecture series also involves Moorish and Islamic attacks on medieval Europe.
Medieval Society & Chaucer's Canterbury Tales
In this lecture the Professor discusses Medieval Society & Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Bilkent HIST417 20111223 LECTURE21 Medieval Society & Chaucer's Canterbury Tales
The Military Tribunes of the Roman Legion.
In this commentary I delve into the world of the military tribune and the politics and career it involves. I hope you all enjoy!
Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici. (Strategy&Tactics Quarterly Magazine Review)
FYI I promise my future reviews will be better and less rushed!! A few days ago I received a complimentary issue of Caesar VENI, VIDI, VICI by Strategy&Tactics Quarterly and this is my first history book/magazine review! Honestly I am really impressed, the author is Joseph Miranda (some of you will be familiar with his wargames) and it presents an excellent overview of the political and social history of Ancient Rome while also effectively covering the ''Roman War Machine.'' Starting well before the arrival of Julius Caesar into the military and political spectrum this magazine covers the political, social and military reforms that would often times be forced through the senate to address the complex issues that the Roman military, government and citizens faced. In this article you see a variety of characters come into focus from the mainstream to the obscure featuring men like Quintus Sertorius (Marian supporter in Hispania,) Spartacus, Gaius Manlius, Gaius Marius, Sulla, Mithridates VI, Titus Milo, Publius Clodius Pulcher, Cicero, Pompey, Jugurtha, a variety of ''barbarian leaders and of course Julius Caesar and the roles that all of these figures played in the history of the Roman Republic. What really stood out to me the most were the illustrations and maps. They are absolutely incredible and this issue features over twenty maps along with a large double sided map that one can display however he/she chooses. One of my biggest complaints with the average history book is that there are not enough illustrations or maps used to bring the geography, campaigns and battles to life and that complaint is non existent with this magazine. Many of you are familiar with OSPREY publishing known for their illustrations and maps featuring the break down and descriptions of soldiers, campaigns and battles. That being said I personally must say this magazine easily replaces them for me as it provides far more information and it doesn't just limit itself to the military aspects of the topic at hand. From the maps and illustrations and stories the reader is presented with a vast timeline of events including events outside of the Roman Republic, interesting ''did you know?'' facts, and great quotes from Antiquity. From the rise Marius and Sulla this magazine takes you through the stories of men who set the foundation for the rise and eventual fall of Julius Caesar. From his personal life to his friends and enemies Julius Caesar is revealed in his complexity in a manner that everyone can read and understand from the history veterans to the beginners. The magazine ends with a fun Caesar ''self help'' section for leaders and a short but interesting bibliography many of which I own but also revealing a few that I do not and that eventually I will have to add to my collection. Overall this was a quick and incredibly interesting read that I highly suggest to any history buff wanting to read about ancient Rome and Roman warfare. Below I included a link to the magazine for anyone who would like to check it out and possibly compare your thoughts with mine. I also included some pictures below that you might enjoy. Have you read anything of late relating to ancient history that you would like to suggest? If so comment below! https://shop.strategyandtacticspress.com/ProductDetails.asp?ProductCode=STQ1
Hittites Documentary 2003 HD
STORYLINE Narrated with the characteristically soothing lilt of Oscar-winning actor Jeremy Irons, The Hittites is a sprawling and ambitious portrait of a hugely influential empire unknown by many. Exhaustive in scope and excitingly cinematic in its execution, the film breathes vital life into ancient history. The journey begins over 3,500 years ago in the war-torn regions around what is now known as Turkey. From the blood-drenched struggles for territorial dominance rose the Hittites, a military power renowned for their effectiveness in defeating even the most ardent opponents. They continued to rule over the next 500 years until their eventual fall in 1200 BCE. For many throughout the world, exposure to the Hittite legacy was limited to their inclusion in sections of the Old Testament. That all changed with one of the most remarkable discoveries in archaeological history. In the early 1900's, excavators uncovered thousands of clay tablets on which contained a series of communications written in the oldest recorded Indo-European language. Researchers quickly decoded this language, and deciphered a detailed military history of the Hittites. The pearls of wisdom they gleaned from these tablets work to inform the content of the film. The filmmakers provide insights into the Hittite culture, its people, their string of successful battles, and the personalities of its hierarchy. We learn their strategies of combat; the mercy they granted to those who surrendered to their power, and their savage response to those who didn't. We gain knowledge of their rituals and customs, and recognize how certain tenants of their legal system still echo in modern society. The film also spends a generous amount of time in examining how the empire ascended and faltered under the guidance of various military leaders. Collectively, these revelations deepen our appreciation of the period and - in some cases - its connections to the world we live in today. The Hittites contains polished production values, interviews with noted scholars of the period, and impressive re-enactments of key events, including the infamous Battle of Kadesh led by Pharaoh of Ramesses II and King Muwatalli II. Whether you're an expert in this period of history or a newcomer, the film provides a dense and satisfying understanding of its subject.
Learning and Work in Medieval England
Did Medieval people go on learning through their adult life? If so, what kind of things did they learn about, who taught them, and how was it done? This lecture was delivered 23rd May 2013 as part of national Adult Learners' Week.
The Polity of the Athenians and the Lacedaemonians-Xenophon
The Polity of the Athenians and the Lacedaemonians (Spartans) by Xenophon. The Polity of the Lacedaemonians talks about the laws and institutions created by Lycurgus, which train and develop Spartan citizens from birth to old age. It only because of Xenophon that we have most of our knowledge about the Spartans. Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 B.C. He was a pupil of Socrates. He marched with the Spartans, and was exiled from Athens which may explain why he is so negative and sarcastic when describing the Athenian democracy. Sparta gave him land and property in Scillus, where he lived for many years before having to move once more, to settle in Corinth. He died in 354 B.C.
The Tudor Empire !!!!!!Excellent Lecture!!!!!!
This course will examine the growth and development of the British Empire in the late 15th Century when England was under the Tudor Dynasty. In the course, we shall proceed chronologically, but also look more closely at particular themes and countries. The course will not provide a fully comprehensive survey, an enormous task anyway; rather, we shall seek to uncover and understand the essential historical truths about this mightiest of empires.
World History: The Neolithic Age (Lecture 1)
World History: The Neolithic Age (Lecture 1) Speaker Richard Bulliet Topic: From the Origins of Agriculture to the First River - Valley Civilizations, 8000-1500 B.C.E. Part I
Training in the Roman Legion.
In this very brief commentary I discuss the training of recruits in the Roman Legion and many of the formations they would have to learn to execute. It's simple and not anything deep but I hope you enjoy it nonetheless. Reference Legions of Rome by Stephen Dando-Collins.
Kenneth Harl: Orientation and Introduction to the Ancient World
In a lecture course provided by Yale American Historian and Scholar Kenneth W. Harl introduces the audience to antiquity and the ancient world. Professor Harl is considered to be one of the best history teachers world wide and is the most published professor by the Teaching company otherwise known as the Great Courses. I highly suggest checking out his other lectures on the Great Courses website such as The Crusades, The Vikings, Rome and the Barbarians, Byzantium, the Ottomans and many more.
Ancient and Medieval History Book Reviews!!! YES OR NO????
Hey everyone in this video I am asking you personally about your personal thoughts on e being in more videos and interacting with all of you on a personal level!? I am wanting to do book reviews on ancient and medieval history books, discussing it while telling you my opinions on the book. What are your thoughts? Comment below!!Links to our page and groups are below!! Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/THESTUDYOFANTIQUITYANDTHEMIDDLEAGES/ Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/164050034145170/ Facebook Group Ancient and Medieval History Book Collectors: https://www.facebook.com/groups/962147030568053/
Discipline and Punishment in the Roman Legion
In this brief commentary I discuss the nature of discipline and punishment in the Roman Legion. The life of the legionnaire was strict, disciplined and brutal and they followed a strict code of rules and ethics that if violated could lead to individual or mass punishments including death . I hope you enjoy!
Early Middle Ages: The Origins of Islam (Tom Holland Lecture)
Where did Islam come from? The story of how it came to be established across a vast empire stretching from the Atlantic to the frontiers of China is conventionally traced back to the charisma and inspiration of a single man: Muhammad. But his story was not written until 200 years later. Join historian Tom Holland who has received death threats for challenging the long-held origins of Islam.
Church History by Eusebius  Audio Book
The Church History (Greek: Ἐκκλησιαστικὴ ἱστορία; Latin: Historia Ecclesiastica or Historia Ecclesiae) of Eusebius, the bishop of Caesarea was a 4th-century pioneer work giving a chronological account of the development of Early Christianity from the 1st century to the 4th century. It was written in Koine Greek, and survives also in Latin, Syriac and Armenian manuscripts. The result was the first full-length historical narrative written from a Christian point of view. In the early 5th century two advocates in Constantinople, Socrates Scholasticus and Sozomen, and a bishop, Theodoret of Cyrrhus, Syria, wrote continuations of Eusebius' church history, establishing the convention of continuators that would determine to a great extent the way history was written for the next thousand years. Eusebius' Chronicle, which attempted to lay out a comparative timeline of pagan and Old Testament history, set the model for the other historiographical genre, the medieval chronicle or universal history. Eusebius had access to the Theological Library of Caesarea and made use of many ecclesiastical monuments and documents, acts of the martyrs, letters, extracts from earlier Christian writings, lists of bishops, and similar sources, often quoting the originals at great length so that his work contains materials not elsewhere preserved. For example he wrote that Matthew composed the Gospel according to the Hebrews and his Church Catalogue suggests that it was the only Jewish gospel. It is therefore of historical value, though it pretends neither to completeness nor to the observance of due proportion in the treatment of the subject-matter. Nor does it present in a connected and systematic way the history of the early Christian Church. It is to no small extent a vindication of the Christian religion, though the author did not primarily intend it as such. Eusebius has been often accused of intentional falsification of the truth; in judging persons or facts he is not entirely unbiased. https://librivox.org/eusebius-history-of-the-christian-church-tr-by-mcgiffert/
Soldiering for Augustus in the Roman Legion.
This article details the soldiering life and financial wages granted by Augustus to his men during his reign especially in the early years.
History of Florence by Niccolo Machiavelli Audio Book
History of Florence and of the Affairs of Italy, Vol. 1. Niccolò MACHIAVELLI (1469 - 1527), translated by UNKNOWN ( - ) History of Florence and of the Affairs of Italy is an historical account by Niccolò Machiavelli. Toward the end of 1520, the Cardinal Giulio of Medici, later Pope Clement VII, offered Machiavelli the appointment to write a history of Florence. Although Machiavelli was reluctant to accept, accepting was his only way to regain the good graces of the Medici who had regained power and were in a position to offer him employment and protection. Doing the history also provided a way for Machiavelli’s views to become the “official” history of Florentine and Italian affairs. Once completed, the work was presented officially to Giulio, now Pope, in May of 1526. (Summary adapted from Wikipedia by Karen Merline.) Per Project Gutenberg, this text was taken from a Universal Classics Library edition, published in 1901 by W. Walter Dunne, New York and London. The translator was not named. https://librivox.org/history-of-florence-by-machiavelli-vol-1/
Who's Who in the Roman World: Augustus Caesar
Hey everyone! I just uploaded my first commentary of the series Who's Who in the Roman World: Augustus. This commentary will focus on the thoughts and writings of (Augustus) Brian Fagan and (Who's Who in the Roman World)John Hazel. This is my first commentary and I will point out that there are a few obvious errors and my videos will definitely improve over time as I try out new techniques and as I get used to reading aloud and talking about the subjects we love.
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Volume 1, Part 1.
The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Vol. I Edward GIBBON (1737 - 1794) The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, a major literary achievement of the 18th century published in six volumes, was written by the celebrated English historian Edward Gibbon. Volume I was published in 1776, and went through six printings (a remarkable feat for its time). Volumes II and III were published in 1781; volumes IV, V, VI in 1788-89. The original volumes were published as quartos, a common publishing practice of the time. The books cover the period of the Roman Empire after Marcus Aurelius, from just before 180 to 1453 and beyond, concluding in 1590. They take as their material the behavior and decisions that led to the decay and eventual fall of the Roman Empire in the East and West, offering an explanation for why the Roman Empire fell. Gibbon is sometimes called the first “modern historian of ancient Rome.” By virtue of its mostly objective approach and highly accurate use of reference material, Gibbon’s work was adopted as a model for the methodologies of 19th and 20th century historians. (Summary from Wikipedia) https://librivox.org/the-decline-and-fall-of-the-roman-empire-vol-i-by-edward-gibbon/
Uniforms and Equipment of the Roman Legion.
In this commentary I briefly discuss the Uniforms and Equipment worn by the ancient Roman Military while showing plenty of fun illustrations. Enjoy, like and subscribe!
The Vikings (Lecture 3)
The Vikings: raids, settlement, conquest and discovery.This three part lecture series also involves Moorish and Islamic attacks on medieval Europe.
The Histories by Herodotus, Volume 1 (Complete Audio Book)
Herodotus' Histories Vol 1 HERODOTUS (c.484 BC - 425 BC), translated by A. D. GODLEY (1856 - 1925) The Histories of Herodotus of Halicarnassus is considered the first work of history in Western literature. Written about 440 BC, the Histories tell the story of the war between the Persian Empire and the Greek city-states in the 5th century BC. Herodotus traveled extensively around the ancient world, conducting interviews and collecting stories for his book. The rise of the Persian Empire is chronicled, and the causes for the conflict with Greece. Herodotus treats the conflict as an ideological one, frequently contrasting the absolute power of the Persian king with the democratic government of the Greeks. (Summary adapted from Wikipedia.) https://librivox.org/search?q=Herodotus&search_form=advanced
Catiline Conspiracy and the Jugurthine War Audio Book by Sallust
The Catiline Conspiracy and the Jugurthine War are the two separate surviving works of the historian commonly known as "Sallust". Nearly contemporary to the events he describes, he is supposed to have been a retired officer of Caesar's army. "Catiline" contains the history of the memorable year 63. Sallust describes Catiline as the deliberate foe of law, order and morality (although party politics may have influenced his view). Still, Sallust does recount Catiline's noble traits, including his courage in the final battle. There is doubt among historians about whether Caesar was involved in the conspiracy; several of Catiline's adherants who survived later joined Caesar's side in his was against Pompey. The difficulty of Cicero's position is throughly treated. Jugurthine War records the war in Numidia c.112 B.C. This war, which introduces the rivals Marius and Sulla to the Roman political scene, recounts the downfall and captur of the Numidian King Jugurtha. There is an exciting description of an agile Ligurian agent of the Roman side entering a besieged enemy city. (Summary adapted from Wikipedia by Karen Merline) https://archive.org/details/catiline_conspiracy_and_jugurthine_war_0911_librivox
World History: Civilization, Cosmology and Myth
Topic: New Civilizations in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, 2200-250 B.C.E. Part II Speaker: Richard Bulliet
Monasticism & Early Papacy Rule of St Benedict
This lecture deals with Monasticism and Early Papal Rule.
Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England Audio Book
Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England is a work in Latin by Bede on the history of the Christian Churches in England, and of England generally; its main focus is on the conflict between Roman and Celtic Christianity. It is considered to be one of the most important original references on Anglo-Saxon history. It is believed to have been completed in 731, when Bede was approximately 59 years old. Divided into five books, it covers the history of England, ecclesiastical and political, from the time of Julius Caesar to the date of its completion (731). The History of the English Church and People has a clear polemical and didactic purpose. Bede sets out, not just to tell the story of the English, but to advance his views on politics and religion. In political terms he is a partisan of his native Northumbria, amplifying its role in English history over and above that of Mercia, its great southern rival. While Bede is loyal to Northumbria, he shows an even greater attachment to the Irish and the Irish Celtic missionaries, whom he considers to be far more effective and dedicated than their rather complacent English counterparts. His final preoccupation is over the precise date of Easter, which he writes about at length. It is here, and only here, that he ventures some criticism of St Cuthbert and the Irish missionaries, who celebrated the event, according to Bede, at the wrong time. In the end he is pleased to note that the Irish Church was saved from error by accepting the correct date for Easter. (Summary modified from Wikipedia) https://archive.org/details/history_england_1209_librivox
Senior Officers in the Late Roman Empire
In this short commentary I talk about commanders in the Late Roman Legion and Empire in both the East and West. I go through the writings of Stephen Dando-Collins on the subject while adding my own interjections.