Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 -- August 5, 1962) was an American actress, model, and singer, who became a major sex symbol, starring in a number of commercially successful motion pictures during the 1950s and early 1960s.
After spending much of her childhood in foster homes, Monroe began a career as a model, which led to a film contract in 1946 with Twentieth Century-Fox. Her early film appearances were minor, but her performances in The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve (both 1950), drew attention. By 1952 she had her first leading role in Don't Bother to Knock and 1953 brought a lead in Niagara, a melodramatic film noir that dwelt on her seductiveness. Her "dumb blonde" persona was used to comic effect in subsequent films such as Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) and The Seven Year Itch (1955). Limited by typecasting, Monroe studied at the Actors Studio to broaden her range. Her dramatic performance in Bus Stop (1956) was hailed by critics and garnered a Golden Globe nomination. Her production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions, released The Prince and the Showgirl (1957), for which she received a BAFTA Award nomination and won a David di Donatello award. She received a Golden Globe Award for her performance in Some Like It Hot (1959). Monroe's last completed film was The Misfits (1961), co-starring Clark Gable with screenplay by her then-husband, Arthur Miller.
The final years of Monroe's life were marked by illness, personal problems, and a reputation for unreliability and being difficult to work with. The circumstances of her death, from an overdose of barbiturates, have been the subject of conjecture. Though officially classified as a "probable suicide", the possibility of an accidental overdose, as well as of homicide, have not been ruled out. In 1999, Monroe was ranked as the sixth-greatest female star of all time by the American Film Institute. In the decades following her death, she has often been cited as both a pop and a cultural icon as well as the quintessential American sex symbol. In 2009, TV Guide Network named her #1 in Film's Sexiest Women of All Time.Marilyn Monroe تم دوا كود يونيو 1, 1926, في و لوس Angeles مقاطعة Hospital كما Norma Jeane Mortenson (قريبا بعد changed امام الباكر), الثالث طفل دوا امام Gladys لؤلؤة الباكر (née Monroe, دق 27, 1902 -- مارس 11, 1984). Monroe's الميلاد الشهادة names و والد كما Martin إدوارد Mortensen لدى بلده سكن stated كما "مجهول".The اسم Mortenson هو listed كما لها لقب كود و الميلاد الشهادة, رغم أن Gladys فورا وكان فاْنه changed امام الباكر, و لقب من لها البداية زوج وعليه الذي she ايزال مستعمل. Martin's لقب تم misspelled كود و الميلاد الشهادة leading امام أكثر ارتباك كود الذي لها فعلي والد تم. Gladys الباكر وكان متزوجة ل Martin E. Mortensen في 1924, لكن هن وكان منفصل أمام Gladys' بالحمل. Several من Monroe's biographers suggest أنّ Gladys الباكر مستعمل اسمه امام تجنب و وصمة العار من illegitimacy.Mortensen توفي في و عمر من 85, وعليه Monroe's الميلاد الشهادة, معا لدى لها الآباء' زواج وعليه الطلاق مستندات, وكانت اكتشف. و مستندات وأظهرت أنّ Mortensen filed لأن الطلاق من Gladys مارس 5, 1927, وعليه فاْنه تم finalized كود اكتوبر 15, 1928. فى جميع أنحاء لها الحياة, Marilyn Monroe رفض أنّ Mortensen تم والدها.She قال أنّ, متى she تم ل طفل, she وكان تم أظهرت ل صورة من ل بشر أنّ Gladys حددت كما والدها, Charles Stanley Gifford. She تذكرت أنّ كان يملك ل رقيق شارب وعليه somewhat resembled Clark Gable, وعليه أنّ she وكان مستمتع herself من قبل pretending أنّ Gable تم والدها.