Many software developers and technology companies feel that patents are an essential tool to protect investment in research and development. However, the law in Europe and the UK relating to the protection of computer-implemented inventions excludes certain subject matter from patentability on the grounds that it's not an "invention". Software per se is one such excluded category.
In this video, Dr Jonathan Markham from Beck Greener explains the background law. He then outlines the kinds of software-related inventions that can be patented and advises on how best to frame such an invention to meet the requirements of the UK and European patent offices.
-- Benefits of patenting software-based inventions
-- Misconceptions about patenting software-based inventions
-- The Aerotel test / contribution approach
-- How the EPO's approach differs
-- How to identify whether an invention is patentable
-- Tips for protecting computer-implemented inventions
-- Aerotel Ltd v Telco Holdings Ltd
-- HTC Europe Co Ltd v Apple Inc
-- AT&T Knowledge Ventures LP v Comptroller General of Patents Designs and Trade Marks
-- VICOM/Computer-related invention (T208/84)
-- Lantana Ltd v Comptroller-General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks
-- Halliburton Energy Services Inc's Patent Applications
-- Toshiba Research Ltd BL/O/453/14
-- Menashe Business Mercantile Ltd v William Hill Organisation Ltd
You can watch the full-length version of this video here: https://uk.practicallaw.com/w-012-1137
Child marriages are common:
On a recent day, eight community elders sat in a [refugee] camp, some chewing khat, the narcotic leaf favored by most Yemeni men. Seven have married off their girls this year.
Even Salim, the elder who worked at the charity, is preparing to marry off his two daughters, ages 13 and 14. "I want to feel secure of their futures, if only for economic reasons," he said.
Mohammad Ali al-Ansi married off his two girls, ages 13 and 14, in April. "My heart is bleeding inside, but I was forced to do this," he said. "I have no job. Its difficult for me to feed my 10 children." He received $1,600 in dowry for each of his girls, he said. But after paying for their weddings and meeting other debts, the money has nearly run out. "If things get worse, theres no doubt Ill marry off my 12-year-old daughter," Ansi said.
More on Ansis 14-year-old daughter Fatma, married to 21-year-old Zaid:
Fatma spent her day cooking and washing clothes for her in-laws. When asked the name of her husbands family, Fatma didnt know it. She remembers her father telling her and her sister, Amal, that the family needed money. She remembers that Amal was in tears because her new husband was taking her to another region. The two sisters have not seen each other since their weddings.
"I am too young to be married," Fatma said. "I want to study. I want to learn how to write. I have sacrificed for my family," she continued, her voice dropping to a whisper.
Minutes later, her husband arrived at the tent, and Fatma went silent. He said Fatma was "at a good age to marry." When asked if she could attend school, he shook his head no. "Shes a little too old for school," he said.
Female sexual freedom among the Tuareg : Flora Drury has written up the sex habits of the Saharas Muslim Tuareg people based on the work by Henrietta Butler. Some excerpts:
Their men became known as the blue men of the Sahara because the dye from their distinctive indigo scarves rub off onto their faces giving them a mysterious air. The Tuareg evoke images of a long forgotten and romantic age.