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Patents, Novelty, and Trolls: Crash Course Intellectual Property #4

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This week, Stan teaches you about patents. It turns out, they're patently complicated! So, patents have some similarity to copyright, in that they grant a limited monopoly to people who invent things. The key difference in patents and copyright is that patents are for THINGS. Copyright is for an idea. So, if you've come up with a great new invention, like for example, a condiment gun, you should get a patent. We'll also talk about some of the limitations and problems of patents, including patent trolls Crash Course is now on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Jan Schmid, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Sandra Aft, Brad Wardell, Christian Ludvigsen, Robert Kunz, Jason, A Saslow, Jacob Ash, Jeffrey Thompson, Jessica Simmons, James Craver, Simun Niclasen, SR Foxley, Roger C. Rocha, Nevin, Spoljaric, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jessica Wode TO: Sarah M. FROM: Anthony M. Making our own history awesome! Happy 3 year Anniversary! TO: Everyone FROM: Someone The earth is but one country, and mankind its citizens. Thank you so much to all of our awesome supporters for their contributions to help make Crash Course possible and freely available for everyone forever: Pigmy Wurm Sverre Rabbelier Sverre Rabbelier Liubko Qwert Denis Anton Dagongdong-Thorpe Gwendolyn Gillson Caleb S Dockter Tessa Huddleston Michael Hughes-Narborough Alex Freeman-Smith Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
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Text Comments (300)
Bomani Jarvis (8 days ago)
Great Video!!!
Steven Utter (11 days ago)
Were you really reading what the magic eight ball said or were you saying what was in the script?
Dad did it 123kory (14 days ago)
At 1.33-1.34 Stan says “diverse parts” but it reads “divers parts”.....tis’ all. Thanks for all that you do Crash Course DFTBA!!!
Tony Walker (20 days ago)
This isn't "JUST" research, you have a chance to change the world FOR THE BETTER, I suggest you get to work.
Fredrick Otswong'o (3 months ago)
Interesting information. I enjoyed it to the end
freddy vs jason (5 months ago)
9:10 time to fap
Ian Schimnoski (5 months ago)
Okay... but what if I use vacuum decay and apply it to the fabric of space in a specific manner so as to alter the existing laws of physics according to a well thought out critical design? Wouldn't THOSE new laws of physics be my invention?
Roy Fokker (6 months ago)
Crash courses offered by Elton John´s USA CLONE. LOL.
Doug Amsden (7 months ago)
Where do I find help Digitizing a Patent (pending) "Utilities" Software project
J Cozzy (8 months ago)
it is simple. if someone holds more than 4 patents and has not developed at least one of them in the last 5 years. then they cannot enforce the patent restriction on another inventer
Plant patents ... hmmmnn :)
Gonzo Oznog (8 months ago)
we Must Develop An Asumption Of ownership= perception Of Interest
Gonzo Oznog (8 months ago)
Percetion Of Ownersship
Desert Lizard (9 months ago)
If governments really want massive developments in science and technology, filling patents must be free and the must last until inventor dies. Additionally, governments must ban employers from owning employees' patents.
Creepzza (1 year ago)
The Merchant Marine-picture xD Also I love the roasting of that ball.
Txn Tom (1 year ago)
bitchtitts
Braden Smith (1 year ago)
I have a few questions about patents. I have an idea for a patent. But it's the combination of two things that are already made but not working in the way I think they should be. I can prove that they work with math and through photos. Do I need to make the new product in order to file and obtain a patent? Or is it enough to just show how it works and prove that it can work?
Gonzo Oznog (8 months ago)
Braden Smith Show the new combination And its Result being An New combination Of Two Innovations in to A new Invention, Provitional Patent it And Do "Constructive Reduction To Practice "plus Actual "Reduction to practice"
Fireball VFX (1 year ago)
I have an interesting question in regards to "patent" topic: what if I invent something, which contains an invention of another owner who also patented his invention, but it is not the same invention, i.e. i use a light bulb in my invention that has got nothing to do with light source, lets say i need a light bulb in my electronic device to visually provide information. Do I have to gain licence for the light bulb in order to patent my invention? And if somebody will have to use my patented invention in theirs - do they have to gain licence from me only or down the line from the bulb invention also?
Zara Mansoor (1 year ago)
Take breaths when you talk. It makes for better hosting and sounds a lot more pleasant to listen to! From the perspective of the audience
kuba2ve (1 year ago)
It's just some carry over from our attempt to become a civilization... eventually patents will become obsolete. I'm hoping that I can see that day come while I'm alive.
baddmanaz (1 year ago)
Stan the man
Amun Atum (1 year ago)
Everything should be free on the Internet.
Gonzo Oznog (8 months ago)
Amun Atum :Yes Indeed We Need Free Stuff!
Vinod Venkatesan (1 year ago)
I have an idea that proposes the method of performing an experiment. I can't perform the experiment as it requires huge capital. I would like to give this idea to a medical institute. How can I protect my idea and 'sell' it to a medical institute without being conned. Do we need so much money for patents because I don't have so much money to spare at this point in my life. Thanks!
Claire White (1 year ago)
Here cuz of a Fidget spinner inventor !!!
elchippe (1 year ago)
I can bet money that most patents do not meet those 5 requirements.
Nadiya Karalash (1 year ago)
He's reading. lol
Isaac Winterfeld (1 year ago)
Does anyone know where I can find the citations for the information in this video?
Robert Palumbo (1 year ago)
did not microsoft patent the 1 and the 0
Bruce Voigt (2 years ago)
Discovering that a patent sets Piracy in motion. I suggest (if your not wealthy) spending approximately one hundred and fifty dollars to initiate a patent. Once you receive your file # abandon the patent thus saving lots of money that you didn't have anyway. This will protect you of Law suits from the pirates. Sit back and wait. If your invention is brilliant it won't be long before a pirate (that has lots of money) improves or changes your idea and files his own patent. Millions have now been spent bringing your invention to fruition and you can easily (with all that free advertising) go out and sell your improved prototypes. As an example SKATE WALKERS --- Canada patent file #2,116,091 To raise money I contacted a large sport firm to sell them this patent. I was ignored and a year later came across my invention all improved in nice packaging with patent pending retailing for fifteen dollars. Well my heart sank and I really needed a cup of coffee. I rationalized it this way. They have spent mega bucks on dies, production, packaging etc. I will sit back and wait till these become popular then re approach these people to buy my patent advising them that I could produce my prototype like pop corn and put them in 7 ELEVEN retailing at $3.75 a pr.
Menno Faber (2 years ago)
So in case I create something, fabricate it and sell it, but I do not file for a patent. Is somebody allowed to copy it? Is't it still my IP? Can somebody else file for a patent on my design? What would be my rights in that case?
Grizabeebles (2 years ago)
Fun Fact: Tony Stark's ARC reactor is not protected by patent. Tony wants exclusive control of the technology so he can't *risk* filing a patent - even one held as a state secret by the United States. That's because if the U.S. government –  or any of its contractors or  subcontractors – uses or manufactures an invention covered by your  patent, you cannot get a court to stop that use or manufacture, and you cannot sue for infringement. Your only  judicial remedy is to seek  “reasonable and entire compensation”. In other words, if Uncle Sam started manufacturing Iron Man suits using Tony's patent(s) all he could do is become the world's first trillionaire. Of course by *not* patenting the ARC reactor Tony is playing a dangerous game - the *next* genius who discovers the ARC can patent it out from under Tony and restrict access to Tony's own invention. Kinda makes Whiplash from Iron Man 2 seem *really* stupid now doesn't it.
Gonzo Oznog (8 months ago)
Grizabeebles: Nobody is able to Discover What is Already Discovered yet He is First to Market A Winner! Risky Thuogh!
Gerry Michael (2 years ago)
So, what are the differences between copyright and patent? I mean an novel technology could be considered as an art too right? What about new guitar or piano? Do they count as a patent or copyright? And I think it is ridicilous when copyright are far more longer and easier to registered than the patent.
Damien Bower (2 years ago)
A patent focuses on the design aspects of the product, and how the inventor came to that conclusion. Copyright focuses on the manner in which ideas and opinions are expressed. The defining feature is if the product is a "manner of manufacture" or has some useful utility. In the eye of the law art, historically lacked this element.
Grizabeebles (2 years ago)
In the broad sense, almost *every* trade is an "art". Mechanics, Chemistry, writing, landscaping, acting - all *arts* (Fun fact, if you record a third-grade play on your phone, you are violating copyright for the play, the set dressers, the composer of any music, the musicians playing it, the costumers, and the individual performances [by commission] of each and every actor including your own little Jimmy playing the tree in the back.) Think of *copyright* as "performances and records thereof" and *patents* as "lists of instructions for building and operating tools". You can thank Disney for super-long copyright times. When that mouse finally goes Public Domain, they are going to take a real hit in the merchandising. Personally, I think a period of "lifetime + 20 years" is plenty. It covers the author and any potential widows and orphans if the author dies young. Longer than that skews to corporate interests.
roballen2/offical (2 years ago)
You do good. Holding my interest. Thanks-roballen2
UrbanWizard (2 years ago)
As a new youtube content creator, I'm paying a LOT of attention to this series
Uberwarts (2 years ago)
I feel bad for this guy. I hope he's in on the jokes about everyone satirically complaining to him. Even better I hope it's his idea. Otherwise he is just being humiliated for just doing his job.
Qpoiuy Werty (2 years ago)
Well to be fair to the Venitians' high opinion of their city, none of them ever went to New York. For what it's worth, I'm pretty sure Venetian pizza is quite good as well.
Jaz Simone (2 years ago)
I'm amazed at how engaging you are.
Amila Husic (2 years ago)
I'm soooo happy Crash Course is covering something that is law-related. Even though its based on the legal system of the US. I find that its great insight for non-american viewers, (like myself), great for comparison.
AC Music (2 years ago)
Can You Patent An App As Well?
AC Music (2 years ago)
+Jaz Simone By Any Chance Do Happen To Know Under What Patent? Provisional Or Utility?
Jaz Simone (2 years ago)
Yes you can.
TheMarmite09 (2 years ago)
WHY DOES HE TALK SO FAST. TAKE A BREATH!!!!! . I AM THIS CLOSE TO COMPLAINING TO HANK AND JOHN.
Chris ttouli (2 years ago)
I only watch these cause I think Stan is cute
stripedsweater520 (2 years ago)
So who ever came up with the concept of a water bottle, license the invention to other companies/people who created water bottles like Contigo etcc.. ??
MosDaring (2 years ago)
So patents were great for that genius that lived in a community of idiots. And today you have to be the bigger genius with the most patents, or be the victim. This is why I rethink certain professions, because even if my idea is revolutionary there will be someone else to profit off it or it will not profit at all. I'm tired of doing all the work, while other people take the credit and $$$
Hector Santana (2 years ago)
Those 8 ball answers.. Lol..
? (2 years ago)
I can see stan
Daisy Millard (2 years ago)
So... patent troll = Martin Shkreli
Daisy Millard (2 years ago)
+UnconditionalKindness13 Dude, did you see him on the Breakfast Club? They troll him so hard it's hilarious.
Daisy Millard (2 years ago)
+Vermillion 303 The definition given by the video matches up with what Shkreli did... do you know what your talking about? lol
Vermillion 303 (2 years ago)
He is not a patent troll at all. You had no idea what you were talking about, didn't you?
heavyweaponsgaming (2 years ago)
No, he (or rather, his company) actually took over production of the drug, and was able to expand research due to the extra profits (it had gone over half a century without any research towards reducing the sometimes life-threatening side effects of the drug). This is a pretty common strategy in the pharmaceutical industry, from what I've heard. The increased price also encouraged a different firm to start the process of creating/approving a generic version of the drug.
if you watch his interview on Vice (The news site) my god... That dude (Martin Shkreli) is so friggen creepy. You can tell he has no soul.
Jesus Araneta (3 years ago)
So shouldn't 'patent trolls' be voided from their claiming money for the patents they own? Since the whole point of the patent law, from the start, is to encourage science and development.??
Xena T (3 years ago)
I'm thinking of doing my dissertation on Intellectual Property, only problem is that I don't know anything about this subject except the most basics. Is there any one that has done IP (in the UK) at uni that are the most debated and controversial topics? Thank you if anyone does reply lol
BarbarosaAlexander (3 years ago)
In the opening animation, fourth scene, does John's tan indicate that he was wearing a bra top?
BobClemintime (3 years ago)
Here is a list of some of the largest "patent troll' companies for those interested. http://www.businessinsider.com/biggest-patent-holding-companies-2012-11?op=1
PAPASHA BURST (3 years ago)
Thank you so much. CC is really a "blitz" of crucial information!
Meghan Denny (3 years ago)
So I'm curious to know if this could be protected. If, as a scientist, I somehow discovered a way to make interdimensional portals. All though the portal abides by nature and the laws of physics, if the portal will only appear if constructed properly, is the portal patentable?
John Allardyce (2 years ago)
the device could be patented.
Patrick Luy (3 years ago)
So suppose I invent this great. New technology that has a lot of benefits for users... If I were to patent it in one country, I would need to provide instructions regarding how to recreate it for public record? So, since patent laws vary from nation to nation, if I file for a patent in the US, some copycat in another country can simply look up the blueprints for my invention and then claim responsibility for creation? Wouldn't that just encourage me, as an innovator, to just not file for a patent and keep the blueprints classified information belonging to me or my organization? I'd say for example some guy in china copied an invention. But China doesn't really strictly enforce their IP Laws...
moonmoonbirdcpt (3 years ago)
talk about bias on this topic and failed to mention how the patent laws are so inadequate because it was written in the 1800s standard of technology growth speed, also that the patent trolls had caused close to 1 trillion dollars in damage to the USA alone for the past 10 years meanwhile the total cost of damage by terrorist attacks since the end of the cold war and including the current ISIS war did not even amount to 1/4 of that by the patent trolls; and they said islam is the problem that will be the end of us.
Gonzo Oznog (8 months ago)
moonmoonbirdcpt :Antediluvian Patent Laws!
Shivam Rawat (3 years ago)
I have a question. BACKGROUND: The year is 2050 almost every usable water resource has been used and only ocean water is the source of water we have with us. Inventors from whole world are trying to find the most efficient way to convert ocean's water to usable water.   Now suppose I found a technique to convert ocean water to drinkable water with an efficiency of 90%. Now if I go to patent this technology while be able to patent it despite of the fact that the whole world need this technology real bad and won't able to survive without this technology. P.S: I know its hypothetical but I wanted to know whether under current laws is this possible.
Gonzo Oznog (8 months ago)
Shivam Rawat : Sudden death- poisoning
AACMo (3 years ago)
Correction - design patents filed before 5/13/15 have a term of 14 years from issuance (NOT filing).  Design applications filed after 5/13/15 have terms 15 years from issuance.
Ever García (3 years ago)
Patenting is something very important for big visionaries!
Karl Foxhoven (3 years ago)
Prescott Pharmaceuticals!?
Ben Marsden (3 years ago)
What about the guy who invented patents?
pyrotheevilplatypus (3 years ago)
3:54 What if your creation is so ingenious that no peers exist (at the point of patenting) that can explain it and verify its usefulness? I know this is largely hypothetical, but we have a few pretty damned profound geniuses out there.
EugeneHerbsman (3 years ago)
I didn't even know these existed on crash course! Stan, you're awesome.
Libsoc (3 years ago)
Liquid filled die agitator containing a die having raised indicia on the facets thereof.
Emperor Tikacuti (3 years ago)
La República Socialista de China es una nación de invenciones de la realidad, sino en el Imperio capitalista de América, sus invenciones son delito.
starwarsnerd94 (3 years ago)
5:54 As an owner of a pet parrot, I can absolutely say that a bird diaper sounds like a wonderful invention that is completely worth the resources needed to issue the patent.
nuttynathan (3 years ago)
Stan, Mark, CrashCourse as a whole!-- this series is awesome! Keep it up!
Karadra Peterson (3 years ago)
didn't understand a thing. So confused :S
R. N.G. (3 years ago)
I haven't seen a new episode of this in almost 2 weeks. Does that mean it's over? Will the economics series start now?
Dustin Lloyd (3 years ago)
This concept of patenting innovative things that have great benefit and utility for the commonwealth is not conducive (contradicting actually) to sharing and spreading this great benefit and utility to a given commonwealth to its full-potential, instead it is restricting the adoption of these benefits and/or utilities to achieve a benefit other than the one conceived for society. Let us not confuse honor for financial compensation and legal entitlement.  Patenting innovative items goes against what innovation is by saying synonymously "I stand for change; except the changing of my change"   How can one truly deliver innovation to society if this innovation brought to society cannot be further innovated by society until a monopoly has grown? Innovation should very well be innovative itself.  Creators of new product deserve acknowledgement for their work to the highest degree, yet legal entitlement should not be the means of acknowledgement for the sake of creating (innovating) further for the benefit of society.
sudd (3 years ago)
just share, you can own anything......
Moonsabie (3 years ago)
creative agencies troll viemo Facebook reddit ect for revent ideas content trends or interesting topics for there own benifit with no remittence to the creator. the more money you make the less original work you produce in these cases.
CraftyVidProductions (3 years ago)
I loved this video as always. When does episode 5 come out? I was just wondering because it's been a week.
theseamusexperience (3 years ago)
After crash course finishes it's youtube run, it would make a great online university
TheFireflyGrave (3 years ago)
I wonder if there'll be an episode dedicated to a more thorough examination of the patent troll legislation.  It's been pending in congress for a while now.
Ever García (3 years ago)
+TheFireflyGrave I don't think so, ClashCourse doesn't go into that many details, that's something you gotta find out for yourself if you want to know it (not trying to be mean though).
pizzajona (3 years ago)
Prescott Pharmaceuticals. Terence to Colbert. Nice.
NickSheridanVids (3 years ago)
Somebody please blow the fluff off the mic?
NickSheridanVids (3 years ago)
+VidSheridan Apologies, turns out this is a Me problem, not a You problem.
weesh (3 years ago)
Are you going to do an episode on fashion?  Fashion is pretty interesting due to the large range coping that is allowed.
weesh (3 years ago)
GRRRRRRRRRRRRR.  Patent Trolls... A scourge on our land...
4Nn1E (3 years ago)
Was pretty clear and concise to me xD
minj4ever (3 years ago)
This video should have denounced software patents :/
Quinn Leavitt (3 years ago)
I really think you guys should make a crash course engineering series! That'd be really awesome.
Did you guys fortget to grade the material? Looks a little dull and lacks contrast.
+Horst Wrabetz and yellow
Harun Suaidi (3 years ago)
So, can you patent a patent?
Ben Aaron (3 years ago)
Thanks for the video on patents, Crash Course!
Edward Kenway (3 years ago)
They should make it so that if you have a patent on something, instead of only you being able to make it, anyone could make it, but they would have to give you half the profits.
Tsyko (3 years ago)
Could someone explain how Patent Trolls work? It doesn't seem to make much sense, the way Stan explained it(no offense, Stan.).
Eduardo Escarez (3 years ago)
At 8:01, Prescott Pharmaceuticals, the sponsors of "Cheating Death" in the Colbert Report! Prescott: the more pills you take, the more chances you have to win
Orange Anarchist (3 years ago)
Bull crap!  Shaking the 8-ball over time will cause the liquid to bubble up beyond legibility.  It's better to flip-toss.
Angel Salcido (3 years ago)
so i had an idea for a crash course series, and i called pbs and they fowarded me to voicemail. should i just go on thought cafe's website and see if there's someone i can call there? or should i just ignore myself too?
Mr Zolo (3 years ago)
where is three
crawlinsideasong (3 years ago)
I was amused by the Colbert Report reference at 8:01-8:07. Bravo, Thought Bubble!
TheGalgut (3 years ago)
How does this fit in to copyright/patents http://xkcd.com/1525/
Frank Lopez (3 years ago)
fuck out of here,,,,,,,,,,,,,you mean to say that if i was to try and patent my hovering machine for transportation, i wouldn't be allowed to get it patent cuz its considered a levitation board it will be a disapprove ?! smh i wonder what they wud wthink if i tell em i invented a mind video interface device.....
oncemoreuntothebreach (3 years ago)
He He, prescott pharmaceuticals. I miss the Report now....
Pablo Moreno (3 years ago)
The patent for drugs are from the date they were invented or from the date the are FDA aproved?
pandapandimonium (3 years ago)
I actually just recently learned about plant patents for my micropropagation course
Jeremy Ellwood (3 years ago)
"Divers"?  :P
Jeremy Ellwood (3 years ago)
1:32
AntiMessiah (3 years ago)
Are Patents country specific? Will a UK patent be honored in USA or vice versa? If so, do we have a common law to support this?
AntiMessiah (3 years ago)
+Kathryn Davidson Thank You.
Kain Yusanagi (3 years ago)
+Kathryn Davidson Just as there's the Berne Convention for copyright, there's the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property for patents, however.
Kathryn Davidson (3 years ago)
+AntiMessiah Most large companies, or those that work with overseas companies, file their patent in multiple countries at the same time, to prevent anyone else from patenting their idea in another country.  To do this, they have a massive amount of due diligence to do, checking to see if it has been patented somewhere else. But, technically US patents only work in the US. direct quote from Legal Zoom (https://www.legalzoom.com/articles/does-your-us-patent-trademark-or-copyright-protect-you-overseas): "There is no "international patent" that will protect an invention all over the world. A separate patent must be filed in each country where the patent owner seeks protection. Fortunately, WIPO offers a Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) application, which simplifies the application process and allows one application to be filed for patent protection in multiple countries. Patent fees and requirements differ significantly by country, so it is advisable to consult a registered patent attorney who is familiar with the intellectual property laws of the specific countries where a patent is sought."
MaskinJunior (3 years ago)
As an innovator I think patents are making my job harder. Because how some patents have been approved for things that is not in production, it is very difficult to make sure no part of the new innovation infringes on a existing patent. It is also werry expensive to file for a patent. My company keep my innovation secret instead because we cant afford patenting it.
psrdirector (3 years ago)
from that vauge description doesnt even sound patentable
MaskinJunior (3 years ago)
+psrdirector I think it is brilliant. It costs a few dollars, and saves us a shift of machining, which in turn makes one of the machines in our machine-shop obsolete so we can replace it with one more modern. (We need to have it for this only operation, and it is the only machine that can do that because it is old and don't have all those safety features newer machines has. But as I said in the earlier post. It is expensive to pattern, impossible to notice if someone is infringing on the pattern so we just keep it secret and hope someone else don't pattern it and find a way to notice we are doing it.
psrdirector (3 years ago)
well then your bright idea not to bright or orginal. if its a good idea, license it from the person with the patent or wait for it to expire. or think of a new better solution
MaskinJunior (3 years ago)
+psrdirector In this day and age that may be better, because now I cant use a bright idea I came up with just because someone else has pattend it when he came up with it years ago. And there is no good way of researching pattented solutions to make them useful. There are simply put too many innovations it is hard to keep track of them all, so pattents are now an obstacle beccause you need to avoid them.
psrdirector (3 years ago)
+MaskinJunior how would you improve it? the alternatives is all innovations are kept secret if they want to make a profit
Żółć (3 years ago)
Copyright length should be reduced to patent length.
mjk506 (3 years ago)
Am I missing something here, this is the 3rd video but is labeled as IP video #4? Love the series and keep up the great work!
James Tuer (3 years ago)
+mjk506 It is actually the 4th video: 1 - Introduction to Intellectual Property 2 - Copyright Part 1: Basics 3 - Copyright Part 2: Exceptions and Fair Use 4 - Patents, Novelty, and Trolls Thanks for the kind words! - Thought Cafe James
Xandros999 (3 years ago)
So the advantadge of patents is public disclosure, but I'm not quite sure what's explicitly good about this since the the inventor holds sole rights.  Can someone clear this up for me?

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